Posted by CMV360 Editorial Staff on 28-Feb-2023 11:40 AM
The Kisan Credit Card scheme, launched in 1998 by the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD), is a government initiative aimed at providing farmers with easy access to formal credit. The scheme is designed to meet the credit requirements of farmers engaged in agriculture, fisheries, and animal husbandry.
The KCC scheme offers short-term loans to farmers, enabling them to purchase equipment and meet other expenses. Farmers can benefit from the scheme's low-interest rates, with interest starting at just 2% and averaging at 4%, which is significantly lower than the interest rates charged for regular bank loans. Additionally, KCC loans can be repaid based on the harvesting period of the crop for which the loan was granted.
With the Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana (PM-KISAN) linking to the PM Kisan Credit Cards, farmers can now apply for a loan of up to Rs.3 lakh at a 4% interest rate. The process of obtaining a KCC has also become more accessible for PM-KISAN beneficiaries.
Overall, the Kisan Credit Card scheme is a crucial step towards ensuring that farmers have timely access to formal credit, and can support their agricultural, animal husbandry, and fishery needs, while also improving their financial stability.
The Kisan Credit Card scheme provides a range of features and benefits to farmers including access to credit for agricultural and allied activities. This includes investment credit for requirements such as dairy animals and pump sets, as well as loans of up to Rs.3 lakh and produce marketing loans.
The scheme also provides insurance coverage for cardholders in the case of permanent disability or death, with a cover of up to Rs.50,000, and a cover of Rs.25,000 for other risks. Eligible farmers will receive a savings account with an attractive interest rate, as well as a smart card and debit card, in addition to their Kisan Credit Card.
Flexible repayment options are available, and the disbursement procedure is hassle-free. The scheme provides a single credit facility or term loan for all agricultural and ancillary requirements, and assists farmers in purchasing fertilizers, seeds, etc., and availing cash discounts from merchants and dealers.
Credit is available for a period of up to three years, with repayment made once the harvest season is over. Additionally, no collateral is required for loans amounting up to Rs.1.60 lakh. These features and benefits make the Kisan Credit Card scheme an important tool for farmers seeking to finance their agricultural activities and expand their operations.
The Kisan Credit Card loan scheme has certain eligibility criteria, which are as follows:
The scheme for fisheries and animal husbandry has designated the following groups as eligible beneficiaries:
For Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture: Fish farmers, fishers, Self-Help Groups (SHGs), Joint Liability Groups (JLGs), and women's groups. To qualify as a beneficiary, you must either own or lease a property related to fisheries. This includes owning or leasing a pond, an open water body, a tank, or a hatchery, among others.
For Marine Fisheries: You must own a registered boat or any other type of fishing vessel, and possess the necessary license or permissions to fish in estuaries or the sea.
For Poultry: Individual farmers or joint borrowers, Self-Help Groups (SHGs), Joint Liability Groups (JLGs), and tenant farmers of sheep, rabbits, goats, pigs, birds, and poultry who own, rent or lease sheds.
For Dairy: Farmers, dairy farmers, Self-Help Groups (SHGs), Joint Liability Groups (JLGs), and tenant farmers who own, lease, or rent sheds.
To apply for the KCC Loan Scheme, the following documents are necessary:
The Kisan Credit Card application process can be completed through both online and offline methods. Here are the steps to follow:
The Indian government launched the PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Scheme, which provides income support of up to Rs. 6,000 annually to all farmers. This scheme was introduced during the 2019 Interim Union Budget of India.
After the Budget 2020, the government has taken measures to ensure that institutional credit is more accessible to all farmers in the country. To achieve this, the Kisan Credit Card (KCC) Scheme and the Kisan Samman Nidhi Scheme have been combined. As a result, all beneficiaries of the Kisan Samman Nidhi Scheme are eligible to receive a Kisan Credit Card.
The process to apply for a Kisan Credit Card under the PM Kisan Samman Nidhi Scheme is as follows:
Banks offering Kisan Credit Card (KCC) loans in India are considering longer loan repayment periods due to the significant pressure on the agriculture sector. At a state-level bankers' consultancy meeting in West Bengal, it was proposed to increase the loan repayment cycle from 12 months to 36 or 48 months.
Moreover, the banks have suggested that farmers be allowed to access additional loans even after failing to repay the previous loan, provided they service the interest. Public sector banks have initiated a three-stage consultation process based on the directions of the Department of Financial Services. The consultation process will focus on nine key issues, including credit for MSMEs and the agricultural sector, digital banking, direct transfer of benefits, and education loans. While the previous meeting was an intra-bank meet, the upcoming meeting will be an inter-bank meet at a state level.
Banks offer different Kisan Credit Cards that have various features, including credit limit and maximum tenure. Here are some of the top Kisan Credit Cards offered by different banks in India:
Axis Kisan Credit Card: The credit limit for this card is up to Rs.2.50 lakh in the form of a loan against the card. The maximum tenure for cash credit is up to 1 year, and up to 7 years for term loans.
BOI Kisan Credit Card: This card offers a credit limit of up to 25% of the farmer's estimated income, but not exceeding Rs.50,000. The maximum tenure is not applicable.
SBI Kisan Credit Card: The credit limit for this card is based on the crop cultivation and cropping pattern. The maximum tenure for this card is 5 years.
HDFC Kisan Credit Card: This card offers a credit limit of up to Rs.3 lakh, and the maximum tenure is 5 years.
To apply for a Kisan Credit Card, you can now complete the process online through any bank that issues KCCs. To check the balance of your Kisan Credit Card, you can contact the customer care of the bank that issued your card. Alternatively, you can log into the bank's website and check your Kisan Credit Card balance through their portal.
Q1. What is a crop loan and how is it related to KCC?
Ans. Crop loans are types of loans provided to farmers to meet their working capital needs. Kisan Credit Card (KCC) is a type of crop loan scheme offered by banks. However, KCC loans can be utilized for other purposes as well.
Q2. What is the validity period of Kisan Credit Card?
Ans. The validity period of KCC is five years. The tenure for which the loan is sanctioned depends on the activity for which the loan is availed.
Q3. What is the age requirement for Kisan Credit Card?
Ans. The minimum age requirement for KCC is 18 years, and the maximum age limit is 75 years. If the applicant is a senior citizen, a legal heir must be included as a co-borrower.
Q4. What is the interest rate on Kisan Credit Card?
Ans. The interest rate for KCC is decided by the bank, but according to the KCC circular dated 20 April 2012, the interest rate is 7% per annum on short-term credit with a maximum principal limit of Rs.3 lakh.
Q5. How does the bank determine the credit limit on a Kisan Credit Card?
Ans. The credit limit offered on KCC for the first year is based on crop cultivation according to the proposed scale of finance and cropping pattern, household and post-harvest consumption requirements, and expenses related to crop and personal insurance schemes.
Q6. Is a revolving credit facility available on Kisan Credit Card?
Ans. Yes, KCC loans have a revolving cash credit facility available for unlimited withdrawals and repayments made within the credit limit.
Q7. Why was the KCC scheme introduced?
Ans. The KCC scheme was introduced to ensure that farmers in the agriculture, fisheries, and animal husbandry sectors can access short-term credit and meet their credit requirements for various expenses, including the purchase of equipment.
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