Posted by CMV360 Editorial Staff on 13-Feb-2023 05:39 AM
The Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana is a comprehensive component of the National Mission of Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) project's Soil Health Management (SHM) initiative. This program aims to promote organic farming methods by adopting a cluster-based approach and offering PGS certification. Through this scheme, the government intends to encourage farmers to shift towards organic farming techniques, which are not only environmentally sustainable but also economically viable for farmers in the long term. The "Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana" is designed to support farmers in adopting organic farming practices, improving soil health and productivity, and ensuring that their produce meets the high standards set by the PGS certification process. The ultimate goal of this scheme is to support the growth of sustainable agriculture in India, helping farmers to achieve long-term viability and success.
The Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana has several expected outcomes, including:
The implementation of the "Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana" will involve the following steps:
Adoption of Participatory Guarantee System (PGS) certification through cluster approach:
The PGS certification will be adopted through the cluster approach where a group of farmers/local people will be formed in 50 acres.
Mobilization of farmers / local people to form cluster: Farmers/local people will be mobilized to form a cluster for the purpose of PGS certification.
Conducting of meetings and discussions of farmers in targeted areas to form organic farming cluster: Meetings and discussions will be conducted among farmers in targeted areas to form an organic farming cluster. The cost for each farmer will be Rs. 200.
Exposure visit to members of cluster to organic farming fields: Exposure visits will be arranged for members of the cluster to organic farming fields. The cost for each farmer will be Rs. 200.
Formation of cluster, farmer pledge to PGS, and Identification of Lead Resourceful Person (LRP) from cluster: The cluster will be formed, and farmers will pledge to PGS. A Lead Resourceful Person (LRP) will also be identified from the cluster.
Training of cluster members on organic farming: Cluster members will be trained on organic farming in 3 training sessions at a cost of Rs. 20,000 per training.
PGS Certification and Quality Control: The process of PGS certification and quality control will be followed.
Training on PGS Certification: Training on PGS certification will be provided in 2 days at a cost of Rs. 200 per LRP.
Training of Trainers (Lead Resource Persons): 20 Lead Resource Persons will be trained at a cost of Rs. 250 per day per cluster for 3 days.
Online Registration of farmers: Farmers will be registered online at a cost of Rs. 100 per member of the cluster x 50.
Soil sample collection and testing: Soil samples will be collected and tested (21 samples/year/cluster) at a cost of Rs. 190 per sample for three years.
Process documentation for PGS certification: Documentation of the process of conversion into organic methods, inputs used, cropping pattern followed, organic manures, and fertilizers used will be done for PGS certification. The cost will be Rs. 100 per member x 50.
Inspection of fields of cluster members: Fields of cluster members will be inspected (3 inspections will be done per cluster per year) at a cost of Rs. 400 per inspection x 3.
Residue analysis of samples in NABL: Residue analysis of samples will be done in NABL (8 samples per year per cluster) at a cost of Rs. 10,000 per sample.
Certification Charges: Charges for certification will be incurred.
Administrative expenses for certification: Administrative expenses for certification will be incurred.
The following is a detailed explanation of the plan for adopting an organic village for manure management and biological nitrogen harvesting through a cluster approach-
Conversion of land to organic farming: Conversion of 50 acres of land to organic farming will cost Rs. 1000/acre, with a total cost of Rs. 50,000.
Introduction of cropping system: The introduction of an organic cropping system, including the procurement of organic seeds or raising an organic nursery, will cost Rs. 500/acre/year x 50 acres, for a total cost of Rs. 25,000/year.
Traditional organic input production units: The creation of traditional organic input production units, such as Panchagavya, Beejamruth, and Jeevamruth, will cost Rs. 1500/unit/acre x 50 acres, for a total cost of Rs. 75,000.
Biological Nitrogen Harvest planting: The planting of Gliricidia and Sesbania for biological nitrogen harvesting will cost Rs. 2000/acre x 50 acres, for a total cost of Rs. 100,000.
Botanical extracts production units: The creation of botanical extract production units, such as Neem cake and Neem oil, will cost Rs. 1000/unit/acre x 50 acres, for a total cost of Rs. 50,000.
Integrated Manure Management: The use of liquid biofertilizer consortia, such as nitrogen fixing, phosphate solubilizing, and potassium mobilizing biofertilizer, will cost Rs. 500/acre x 50, for a total cost of Rs. 25,000.
Liquid Biopesticides: The use of liquid biopesticides, including Trichoderma viridae, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Metarhizium, Beauveria bassiana, Pacelomyces, and Verticillium, will cost Rs. 500/acre x 50, for a total cost of Rs. 25,000.
Neem Cake/Neem Oil: The use of Neem Cake and Neem oil will cost Rs. 500/acre x 50, for a total cost of Rs. 25,000.
Phosphate Rich Organic Manure/Zyme Granules: The use of Phosphate Rich Organic Manure and Zyme Granules will cost Rs. 1000/acre x 50, for a total cost of Rs. 50,000.
Vermicompost: The production of Vermicompost (7’x3’x1’ size) will cost Rs. 5000/unit x 50, for a total cost of Rs. 250,000.
Custom Hiring Centre (CHC) charges: The use of CHC services, including the hiring of agricultural implements (such as power tillers, cono weeders, paddy threshers, furrow openers, sprayers, rose cans, and top pan balances) and walk-in tunnels for horticulture, as well as the construction of cattle sheds, poultry, and piggery for animal compost, will be subject to CHC charges as per the guidelines of SMAM, MIDH, and Gokhul Scheme.
Packing, Labeling, and Branding of organic products: The packing, labeling, and branding of organic products will include the use of packing material with PGS logo and hologram printing, and will cost Rs. 2500/acre x 50, for a total cost of Rs. 125,000.
Q1. What is Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana?
Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY) is an initiative of the Indian government that aims to promote organic farming by providing financial and technical assistance to farmers.
Q2. Who is eligible to apply for PKVY?
Small and marginal farmers, as well as those who have been practicing organic farming, are eligible to apply for PKVY.
Q3. What kind of assistance is provided under PKVY?
Under PKVY, farmers receive financial assistance for the conversion of their land to organic farming, as well as for inputs such as seeds, fertilizers, and bio-pesticides. Technical assistance in the form of training and exposure visits is also provided to farmers.
Q4. How can farmers apply for PKVY?
Farmers can apply for PKVY by contacting the nearest agriculture department office. They can also apply online through the official website of the agriculture department.
Q5. What is the maximum amount of assistance available under PKVY?
The maximum amount of assistance available under PKVY varies depending on the activities and inputs involved in organic farming.
Q6. Is there any age limit for farmers to avail benefits under PKVY?
There is no age limit for farmers to avail benefits under PKVY.
Q7. What is the duration of the PKVY program?
The duration of the PKVY program is 3 years, after which farmers can continue with organic farming without any further assistance.
Q8. What are the benefits of organic farming under PKVY?
The benefits of organic farming under PKVY include higher yield and income, improved soil health, reduced use of chemicals and pesticides, and improved health and nutrition of consumers.
Q9. How is organic farming different from conventional farming?
Organic farming is different from conventional farming in that it uses natural inputs such as organic fertilizers, bio-pesticides, and compost to improve soil health and control pests, whereas conventional farming relies on synthetic chemicals.
Q10. What is the difference between PKVY and other agricultural programs?
PKVY is different from other agricultural programs in that it specifically focuses on promoting organic farming and provides both financial and technical assistance to farmers.
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